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An apple a day, keeps the doctor away

Each 100 g of apples contains 52 kcal heat, 0.06mg VB1, 0.02 mgVB2, 4mg VC, 119 mg potassium, 14 mg calcium, 0.6 mg iron and other nutrients.

In addition to these basic nutrients, apple also contains rich pectin, phenolic acids, flavonoids, such as chlorogenic acid, quercetin, catechins, tables, catechins, etc. These functional ingredients can benefit our health a lot. Epidemiological studies have found that eating apples can help reduce the risk of a variety of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma and diabetes etc.

Studies have found that for women, daily intake of at least one apple can reduce the risk of lung cancer. In addition, apple can also prevent colon, oral, throat, esophageal cancer and other cancers. Animal studies have demonstrated that the apple contains rich phenolics. The skin part especially has strong antioxidant activity that can effectively inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells and colon cancer cells.

The habit of eating apples often is tied with a lowered risk of cardiovascular disease. Apple is one of the main sources of quercetin in diet. Intake of this kind of flavonoid is helpful to preventing cardiovascular disease. In addition, apple also contains a certain number of catechin and epicatechin which can significantly reduce the mortality of cardiovascular disease. Animal studies have found that feeding the rats of high cholesterol with freeze-dried apples can sharply reduce the plasma cholesterol and liver cholesterol levels and increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (hdl-c) content. Researchers believe that it is pectin and phenolics that play a comprehensive role in reducing plasma, liver cholesterol and triglycerides.

Many studies have found that apple seems to have a protective effect on the respiratory system and immune system . Eating apples frequently can prevent asthma, bronchial irritation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) and improve lung function.

Apple has proved to prevent obesity and diabetes. Eating an apple on a daily basis can reduce the risk of type Ⅱ diabetes. Women who often eat apples under the condition of the same total calorie intake will be lighter in weight.

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